What is ADD?
Attention Deficit Disorder refers to the significant difficulty some children
and adults have in focusing and sustaining attention span. Some also
experience hyperactivity or difficulty controlling impulsive behaviors.
Such difficulty with attention and concentration typically interferes with
learning and school performance; adjustment in social, family, vocational,
or school environments; and effective expression of intelligence.
Persons who have been diagnosed with ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder)
or ADHD (Attention Deficit, Hyperactive Disorder) express a sense of
internal restlessness and extreme difficulty focusing thoughts and
attention. Many children identified as ADD or ADHD are also described as
learning disabled. Also, children identified as ADD or ADHD may be
classified as defiant, disruptive, oppositional, hyper, manic, or
ADD and the Brain
There is evidence to suggest that ADD stems from a disorder of
functioning in the anterior brain systems affecting several brain
structures. Treatment may include a combination of medical, behavioral,
and environmental interventions. Medical treatment may help balance
brain chemistry that is causing hyperactivity. Behavioral treatment can
help the individual learn self-control and compensatory strategies for
working around impulsive or restless behaviors. Environmental
interventions help structure work and learning areas to eliminate
distractions and create optimal and interest-sustaining activities.
Psychoeducational and neuropsychological examinations diagnose and
identify the nature of a behavioral/attentional disorder and are essential
in appropriate intervention. Collaborative diagnosis and treatment may
include the pediatrician, teachers, and other educational specialists.
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|Attention Deficit Disorder